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disease: Angiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps

id253
nameAngiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps
descriptionThe spectrum of COL4A1-related disorders includes: small-vessel brain disease of varying severity including porencephaly, variably associated with eye defects (retinal arterial tortuosity, Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly, cataract) and systemic findings (kidney involvement, muscle cramps, cerebral aneurysms, Raynaud phenomenon, cardiac arrhythmia, and hemolytic anemia). On imaging studies, small-vessel brain disease is manifest as diffuse periventricular leukoencephalopathy, lacunar infarcts, microhemorrhage, dilated perivascular spaces, and deep intracerebral hemorrhages. Clinically, small-vessel brain disease manifests as infantile hemiparesis, seizures, single or recurrent hemorrhagic stroke, ischemic stroke, and isolated migraine with aura. Porencephaly (fluid-filled cavities in the brain detected by CT or MRI) is typically manifest as infantile hemiparesis, seizures, and intellectual disability; however, on occasion it can be an incidental finding. HANAC (hereditary angiopathy with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps) syndrome usually associates asymptomatic small-vessel brain disease, cerebral large vessel involvement (i.e., aneurysms), and systemic findings involving the kidney, muscle, and small vessels of the eye. Two additional phenotypes include isolated retinal artery tortuosity and nonsyndromic autosomal dominant congenital cataract.
variant-disease NM_001845.5(COL4A1):c.1493G>T (p.Gly498Val) AND Angiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps
NM_001845.5(COL4A1):c.1492G>C (p.Gly498Arg) AND Angiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps
NM_001845.5(COL4A1):c.1573_1574delGGinsTT (p.Gly525Leu) AND Angiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps
NM_001845.5(COL4A1):c.2647G>A (p.Val883Ile) AND Angiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps
NM_001845.5(COL4A1):c.280-12C>T AND Angiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms, and muscle cramps
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